The Chelyabinsk Region is rich in various mineral resources. There are more than 300 industrial deposits of iron ore, titanomagnetite ore, copper ore, nickel, cobalt, aluminum ore, ore and placer deposits of gold.

The Chelyabinsk Region is a monopolist in Russia in mining and processing of kaolin and graphite (95%), magnesite (95%), talc (70%). Mining enterprises extract 25% of Russian zinc, 15% of copper, 15% of iron, 37% of facing stone.

Over 150 enterprises of the region are engaged in deposit development and processing of mineral raw materials and get different processed products.

The Chelyabinsk Region is the region with high level of exploitation of mineral resources. And first of all, it concerns deposits of metals (iron, copper, zinc, nickel, gold). Less explored are deposits of non-metallic resources, namely facing and ornamental stone, chemical and ore mining raw materials (vermiculite, phosphorite, quartz sand, etc.). Recycling of mining and metallurgical wastes containing many noble, rare, ferrous and non-ferrous metals in industrial concentrations is still at the initial stage; there is a problem of extraction of associated components from complex ores.

The Government of the Chelyabinsk Region constantly holds contests for development of deposits of popular mineral resources including non-metallic construction materials in order to promote mining sector development and increase its output in the territory of the region.